Justice Harlan was from Kentucky, which was a border state during the Civil War. Constitution, which prohibited slavery, and the Fourteenth Amendmentwhich granted full and equal rights of citizenship to African Americans.
What should his punishment have been. What is happening in this political cartoon. Who broke the law. States which had successfully integrated elements of their society abruptly adopted oppressive legislation that erased reconstruction era efforts.
Legal equality was adequately respected in the act because the accommodations provided for each race were required to be equal and because the racial segregation of passengers did not by itself imply the legal inferiority of either race—a conclusion supported, he reasoned, by numerous state-court decisions that had affirmed the constitutionality of laws establishing separate public schools for white and African American children.
However, under Louisiana law, he was classified as black, and thus required to sit in the "colored" car. Do people have the right to choose what laws they will follow.
Should all laws be followed. The effect of the law, he argued, was to interfere with the personal liberty and freedom of movement of both African Americans and whites. Our constitution is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens. If so, what are they.
Ask students to take brief notes with a partner as they read. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. Some established de jure segregated educational facilities, separate public institutions such as hotels and restaurants, separate beaches among other public facilities, and restrictions on interracial marriage, but in other cases segregation in the North was related to unstated practices and operated on a de facto basis, although not by law, among numerous other facets of daily life.
The teacher will call on students to share what they have written.
Supreme Court granted certiorariand oral arguments were heard on April 13, Ricewhich upheld the right of a Mississippi public school for white children to exclude a Chinese American girl.
Students will engage in a class discussion in which the teacher will ask: It can be printed and duplicated, or, if students are accessing it via the internet, they can choose to watch the short video clip on the page that adds some information to the printed text.
Oral arguments were held before the Supreme Court on April 13, The law regards man as man, and takes no account of his surroundings or of his color when his civil rights as guaranteed by the supreme law of the land are involved.
Historian Rogers Smith noted on the subject that "lawmakers frequently admitted, indeed boasted, that such measures as complex registration rules, literacy and property tests, poll taxeswhite primariesand grandfather clauses were designed to produce an electorate confined to a white race that declared itself supreme", notably rejecting the 14th and 15th Amendments to the American Constitution.
The Massachusetts Supreme Court had ruled in — before the 14th amendment — that segregated schools were constitutional.
Students will share their notes with the class and the teacher will record them on chart paper and hang the paper on the wall so that all students have a common understanding of the case. Motivation Show students the political cartoon depicting a black passenger being forced to leave a railcar.
Should Homer Plessy be considered a criminal. In respect of civil rights, all citizens are equal before the law.
In respect of civil rights, all citizens are equal before the law. Students in their pairs will choose one of the "crimes" and draw a four-frame comic strip that depicts its important events. One was signed by Albion W. Ferguson, case in which the U. The teacher will make clear to the class that this was legal because of the Plessy case in which the Supreme Court decided that as long as accommodations were equal, segregation on the basis of race was legal.
Ferguson were affirmed in Lum v.
But, by the statute in question, a Chinaman can ride in the same passenger coach with white citizens of the United States, while citizens of the black race in Louisiana, many of whom, perhaps, risked their lives for the preservation of the Union African-American community leaders, who had achieved brief political success during the Reconstruction era and even into the s, lost gains made when their voters were excluded from the political system.
Pass out sets of images of the events in Little Rock see links above to students in their reading pairs.
Should he be considered a hero. Plessy immediately sought a writ of prohibition. How did Homer Plessy and Orval Faubus break the law. Students will view a secondary source cartoon from Syracuse University linked above that will serve to reinforce the content from the reading.
Read students the quotation from Chief Justice Earl Warren:. plesst v ferguson rethorical analysis Essay Aida Enyas Vargas English Professor Kaiserman May 10, A Right to Classify?: An Analysis of Justice Harlan’s Dissent on the Plessy Case Commonly referred to as one of the most humiliating cases in the U.S Supreme Court, Plessy v Ferguson was the first case to question the constitutionality of segregation laws on a national level.
Plessy vs. Ferguson Constitution The 13th and 14th amendment were argued greatly in this case. The 13th amendment abolished slavory and gave Plessy the right to bring upon this lawsuit. InHomer Plessy, who was one-eighth black, purchased a first-class ticket and sat in the white-designated railroad car.
Plessy was arrested for violating the Separate Car Act and argued in court that the Act violated the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments to the Constitution. Ferguson decision upheld the principle of racial segregation over the next half-century.
The ruling provided legal justification for segregation on trains and buses, and in public facilities such as hotels, theaters, and schools. plesst v ferguson rethorical analysis Essay Aida Enyas Vargas English Professor Kaiserman May 10, A Right to Classify?: An Analysis of Justice Harlan’s Dissent on the Plessy Case Commonly referred to as one of the most humiliating cases in the U.S Supreme Court, Plessy v Ferguson was the first case to question the.
PLESSY v. FERGUSON: R.I.P. elephants in different compounds, the Supreme Court endorsed the proposition that biologically distinct Negroes and whites need not be given identical treatment. What was good for whites was not neces-sarily good for Negroes, any more than a lion would necessarily thrive on an elephant's diet.Plesst v ferguson rethorical analysis