Human waste in ganga

Chromium The tannery industry mushrooming in North India has converted the Ganga River into a dumping ground.

Pollution worsens in the lower Ganga

Many of tanning industry discharges different types of waste into the environment, primarily in the form of liquid effluents containing both organic matters and dangerous toxic chemicals, such as chromium, cadmium, arsenic, mercury, nickel, sulphide ammonium and other salts, chemical dyes, sulfuric acid and methane.

And the Gangotri glacier at the headwaters of the river in Uttarakhand is retreating 20 metres per year, further weakening the flow.

Many varieties of birds are found, such as mynah birds, parrots, crows, kites, partridges, and fowls. Frequently, discharge is described for the mouth of the Meghna River, thus combining the Ganges with the Brahmaputra and Meghna.

After entering Bangladeshthe main branch of the Ganges is known as the Padma. Ganges river dolphin, or susu Platanista gangetica. Arsenic The presence of arsenic in and around groundwater sources has been detected in all five states that the Ganga flows through.

A satellite picture of Ganges Delta After entering Bangladesh, the main branch of the Ganges is known as Padma River until it is joined by the Jamuna River the largest distributary of the Brahmaputra. Based on the wise inputs of experts and members of Ganga Action Parivar, we suggest three main areas of focus: During the rains June to October the greater part of the region is flooded to a depth of 3 or more feet at least 1 metreleaving the villages and homesteads, which are built on artificially raised land, isolated above the floodwaters.

Lack of flow But the deeper problem is the dwindling flow of the Ganga, says Rudra. Such irrigation is described in scriptures and mythological books written more than 2, years ago.

Although the agency did initiate and complete a number of projects aimed at reducing pollution levels, its efforts were generally deemed inadequate and failures. To the east and south, especially in Bengal, peoples speaking Austroasiatic, Indo-Aryan, and Tibeto-Burman languages have joined the population over the centuries.

When Bhagiratha, one of the descendants of Sagara, son of Dilip, learnt of this fate, he vowed to bring Ganga down to Earth so that her waters could cleanse their souls and release them to heaven. Fly ash contains toxic heavy metals such as lead and copper. Gangasmriti and Other Poems.

The Bhagirathi is considered to be the source in Hindu culture and mythology, although the Alaknanda is longer, and, therefore, hydrologically the source stream.

The southern surface of the Ganges delta has been formed by the rapid and comparatively recent deposition of enormous loads of sediment. The partition of British India into India and Pakistan in —with eastern Bengal becoming East Pakistan until in it declared its independence as Bangladesh—produced far-reaching changes, virtually halting the large trade in tea and jute formerly carried to Kolkata from Assam by inland waterway.

The advent of paddle steamers revolutionized inland transport, stimulating the growth of indigo production in Bihar and Bengal. Resource recovery options such as methane production for energy generation and use of aquaculture for revenue generation.

Pollution of the Ganges

It holds more than tmcft water in its top 13 meters depth. G D Agrawal[ edit ] Dr G. Ecology People bathing in Ganges in Kolkata A Hindu ceremony in Varanasi The Ganges collects large amounts of human pollutants as it flows through highly populous areas, e.

According to another Vaishnavite legend, Brahma had reverently washed the feet of Vishnu and collected this water in his Kamandalu. The touch of Shiva further sanctified Ganga. According to Hinduism, the Ganga is sacred and she is worshipped as a goddess.

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Environment & Sustainability

The myth persists that the river has a self-purifying quality — but the toxic waters spread life threatening diseases in a country where a third of a million children under five still die each year from diarrhoea and countless people suffer chronic dysentery and parasitic infections.

Such innovations could complement the current efforts on wastewater intervention and diversion in two ways: We also suggest these three comprehensive solutions: The makara in Hindu thought corresponds to the star sign of Capricorn in western astrology. During high-pressure times like the Kanwar Yatra when more sewage is generated, we have no option but to release the extra sewage into the Ganga river without treatment.

Promoting massive water conservation and water resource management, inclusive of rain water harvesting schemes, at both centralized and decentralized levels within the Ganga River Basin. VII Desalination & Water Purification Technologies PREFACE Early humans thought that the taste of the water determined its purity.

The Sus’ruta Samhita, Sanskrit writings about medical concerns ( BC), gives evidence that water treatment may well be as ancient. The state contributes 48% of wastewater produced in the Ganga basin and only treats 42% of this – leaving 1, MLD (million litres a day) of untreated waste flowing from.

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Discharge of untreated sewage and fecal sludge is considered one of the biggest threats to the health of the Ganga river.

Pollution of the Ganges

Innovative sanitation options that reuse waste may be the solution. Pollution of the Ganges (or Ganga), the largest river in India, poses significant threats to human health and the larger environment.

Severely polluted with human waste and industrial contaminants, the river provides water to about 40% of India's population across 11 states, serving an estimated population of million people or more, more than. Award winning feature length documentaries from around the world.

Human waste in ganga
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